What are cookies?
A cookie is a harmless text file that is stored in your browser when you visit almost any web page. The usefulness of the cookie is that the web is able to remember your visit when you navigate through that page. Although many people do not know, the cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first browsers appeared for the World Wide Web.
What are NOT cookies?
Cookies are NOT virus, trojans, worms, spam, spyware, and they do NOT open pop-up windows.
Which information is saved by a cookie?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID or personal information, etc. The data they keep are of a technical nature, personal preferences, personalization of contents, etc.
The web server does not associate you as a person, if not to your web browser. In fact, if you regularly surf with Internet Explorer and you try browsing the same web with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the web does not realize that you are the same person because you are actually associating the browser, not the person.
What kind of cookies exists?
Technical Cookies: These are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is navigating, when an anonymous user and a registered user navigate, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
Analytic Cookies: They collect information about the type of navigation you are making, the sections you use most, products consulted, time zone of use, language, etc.
Advertising Cookies: Display advertising based on your navigation, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are your own cookies and third-party cookies?
Your own cookies are those generated by the page you are visiting, and those of third parties are those generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I turn cookies off?
To understand the scope of turning cookies off, you can see below some examples:
- You will not be able to share content of that website in Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as it normally happens in shops online.
- You will not be able to access to the personal area of that website, for example My Account, or My Profile or My orders.
- Online stores: You will not be able to make purchases online, they will have to be telephone or visit the physical store if they have it.
- It will not be possible to customize your geographical preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to perform web analytics on visitors and traffic on the web, which will make it difficult for the web to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write on the blog, upload photos, post comments or rate content. The website also will not know if you are a human or an automated application that publishes spam.
- You will not be able to show sectorized advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenues of the web.
Can cookies be deleted?
Yes. You can delete them, block them also in a global way or for a particular specific domain.
To remove cookies from a website, you must go to the configuration of your browser and there you can search for those cookies associated with the domain you want to block and proceed to its removal.
How to configure cookies for most popular navigators
Here’s how to access a specific cookie from Chrome browser. Note: These steps may vary depending on your browser version:
Go to Settings or Preferences using the File menu or by clicking the customization icon at the top right.
You will see different sections, click Show advanced options.
Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
Select All cookies and site data.
A list with all the cookies sorted by domain will appear. To make it easier for you to find the cookies for a particular domain, enter the address in the Search for cookies field in whole or in part.
After apply this filter, it will appear on the screen one or more lines with the cookies of the requested website. Now you just have to select it and press the X to proceed to its removal.
Follow these steps to access your cookies configuration of the Internet Explorer browser (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Page Info
- Click in Privacy.
- Choose View cookies in Privacy & History section.
Follow these steps to access to cookies configuration in Firefox (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools.
- Click in Security.
- At Privacy & History choose View Cookies.
- You can delete cookies.
Follow these steps to access to cookies configuration in Safari for OSX (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, Privacy.
- You can block cookies here.
Follow these steps to access to cookies configuration in Safari for iOS (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you can choose here Block cookies.
Follow these steps to access to cookies configuration in Android (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open the navigator and choose Menu, Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you can deselect here Accept cookies.
Follow these steps to access to cookies configuration in Windows Phone (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, click on More, Configuration
- You can now select or deselect the option Allow cookies.